Gulf Environmental Benefit Fund Completes $356 Million in Funding Obligations to Alabama

Final Obligations Cap 10 Years of NFWF Restoration Funding in Alabama following Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill

Great blue heron

WASHINGTON, D.C. (November 15, 2022) -- The National Fish and Wildlife Foundation (NFWF) today announced its final funding obligations from the Gulf Environmental Benefit Fund (GEBF) for projects in the state of Alabama, bringing its total awards from the fund to more than $356 million. Today’s announcement caps 10 years of restoration funding undertaken by NFWF to support projects in Alabama following the 2010 Deepwater Horizon tragedy.

Today’s announcement of five new projects totals more than $47 million. The projects announced were selected for funding after extensive consultation with state and federal resource agencies. 

Over the past decade, NFWF’s investments have made significant contributions to the long-term sustainability of critical coastal resources in Alabama, including:

  • Nearly 9,000 acres of important habitats acquired, conserved, restored or enhanced
  • Nearly 11 miles of vulnerable shoreline protected
  • Improved water quality through 3 miles of stream restoration that will avoid 50-70 million pounds of sediment annually 
  • More than 250 acres of artificial reef habitat installed to enhance fish productivity
  • Sustainable fisheries management through better science 
  • Increased capacity and habitat enhancements to bolster populations of coastal birds, marine mammals, and sea turtles

An interactive story map of Alabama projects supported by GEBF can be found here.

“Today’s announcement represents the culmination of historic conservation investments in Alabama following the Deepwater Horizon tragedy,” said Jeff Trandahl, executive director and CEO of NFWF.  “Working closely with the Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, we have made strategic investments that support fish and wildlife and their habitats. These projects will continue to enhance the productivity and resilience of the Alabama coast for decades to come.”

Since its inception, the GEBF has supported 47 natural resource projects in Alabama and worked with 39 implementing partners. These projects leverage or complement nearly $200 million in other funding for a total conservation impact of more than $555 million to benefit natural resources negatively affected by the 2010 oil spill.

“As we celebrate Alabama’s 2022 slate of NFWF projects and announce the final allocation of Alabama’s portion of the Gulf Environmental Benefit Funds, we recognize another landmark in Alabama’s recovery from the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill disaster,” said Alabama Governor Kay Ivey. “The $356 million awarded to Alabama in criminal fines, managed by NFWF, funded some of the first Deepwater Horizon Restoration Projects implemented in Coastal Alabama.

Together, these investments tell a story of significant accomplishments – of fishing reefs in the Gulf of Mexico and a thriving red snapper fishery, of land conservation in the Perdido River Corridor, Fort Morgan Peninsula, and the Grand Bay Savanna to protect habitat for game and non-game species, and of habitat conservation and strengthened resilience in our coastal towns like Dauphin Island and Bayou la Batre.”  

“I thank the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation for their partnership and dedication to the wise stewardship of Alabama’s natural resources, and for their capable and dedicated management of the Gulf Environmental Benefit Fund,” added Governor Ivey. “While this marks the completion of our allocation of the NFWF portion of the BP Settlement, our work continues to restore Coastal Alabama. I would like to also recognize Conservation Commissioner Chris Blankenship, DWH Coordinator Amy Hunter, and the team at the Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources for the work they continue to do for the citizens and natural resources of Coastal Alabama.” 

In 2013, plea agreements between the U.S. Department of Justice and BP and Transocean resolved certain criminal charges against both companies relating to the 2010 oil spill. Provisions within the agreements directed a total of $2.54 billion to NFWF over a five-year period to be used to support natural resource projects in each of the five Gulf states, of which $356 million was allocated for natural resource projects in Alabama. To date, NFWF has awarded nearly $1.8 billion from the fund in accordance with terms of the plea agreements.

As required under the plea agreements, NFWF consulted with the Alabama Department of Natural Resources, as well as the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, to identify projects to receive funding. The consultations ensure coordination between NFWF’s GEBF and the agencies’ related activities under the Natural Resource Damage Assessment and RESTORE Act programs.

Among the many accomplishments that have been made or are underway, NFWF and its partners have made strategic investments to protect and enhance strategic habitats, improve shoreline resilience, restore watersheds, and enhance fisheries habitats and science. Collectively, these investments will have a lasting impact on the Alabama coast for decades to come. Broadly, these investments have included: 

Strategic Habitat Protection 

GEBF has invested more than $100 million into 12 projects in Alabama to acquire and permanently protect approximately 7,500 acres of important coastal habitat. Through their inclusion within existing publicly owned conservation lands, these lands will offer expanded public access to this impressive suite of properties along the Alabama coast. These properties are now being managed to remove invasive species, restore native flora, and improve ecologic function.  

Conserving Alabama’s Barrier Island 

Dauphin Island is Alabama’s only barrier island and one of the largest on the Gulf Coast, stretching 14 miles. It provides valuable wildlife habitat and protects important Mississippi Sound resources while also maintaining ecological conditions (salinity) within the Sound that are critical to its fisheries, oysters and seagrass beds. The island is also a significant trans-Gulf migratory bird stopover area and provides habitat to numerous beach-nesting birds. Often subject to significant severe weather events, Dauphin Island’s restoration and long-term resilience were the subject of key focal investments under the GEBF. Guided by a GEBF-funded restoration plan, NFWF has awarded nearly $50 million in GEBF funds to nine projects to enhance and protect this vital island. 

Enhancing Coastal Resilience through Shoreline Restoration 

Annual loss of shoreline habitat on the western shore of Mobile Bay has averaged more than 2 feet in some areas. Since 2001, more than 11 percent of overall shoreline acreage has been lost due to erosion caused by storms, marine traffic and natural degradation. Investments in shoreline protection and wetland restoration are key to restoring and enhancing the ecological function of these critical habitats, and they also represent a nature-based approach to protecting coastal communities and infrastructure. Nearly $120 million in GEBF funds to support shoreline restoration has also leveraged more than $20 million in NFWF’s Coastal Resilience funding to strengthen Alabama’s natural defenses and improve the ecology of coastal waters.   

Watershed Restorations 

Degradation of watersheds and coastal streams has coincided with significant growth in the region over the past several decades. GEBF investments in watershed planning by the Mobile Bay National Estuary Program were instrumental in identifying and prioritizing the most cost-effective restoration activities to improve water quality along the coast. Projects that improve water quality by reducing sediment and nutrient loads have significant benefits to marsh habitats, submerged aquatic vegetation, oyster reefs and other marine species.

GEBF funding also enhanced a longstanding partnership with the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Natural Resource Conservation Service to work with farmers and ranchers in coastal Alabama to implement conservation easements and best management practices worth more than $14.5 million on more than 30,000 acres to enhance water quality and improve habitat.

Bolstering Alabama’s Fisheries  

The GEBF has invested over $44 million in Alabama to bolster fish populations through habitat creation and improved monitoring and management. Monitoring of fish populations in Alabama has produced a wealth of data that is informing management of vital commercially and economically important fisheries. This investment also increased scientific capacity that will endure. GEBF investments also created over 1,000 acres of reef habitat in Alabama, including 800 acres of nearshore oyster reef and 250 acres of near- and offshore artificial reef habitat suitable for red snapper and other offshore reef species. 


About the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation
Chartered by Congress in 1984, the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation (NFWF) protects and restores the nation’s fish, wildlife, plants and habitats. Working with federal, corporate, foundation and individual partners, NFWF has funded more than 6,000 organizations and generated a total conservation impact of $7.4 billion. Learn more at


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